by Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh
Sayyidah 'Ā'ishah radhiyallāhu 'anhā relates: "The sun eclipsed during the time of Rasulullāh sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam... The Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam said, 'The sun and the moon are signs from the signs of Allāh; they do not eclipse because of anyone's death or life.'" (Al-Bukhārī)
Sayyidunā Abū Bakrah radhiyallāhu 'anhu relates: "We were with Rasūlullāh sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam when the sun eclipsed. Nabī sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam stood up dragging his cloak till he entered the masjid. We also entered. He sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam led us in a two raka'āt salāh till the eclipse cleared. Then the Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam said, 'The sun and the moon do not eclipse because of anyone's death. So whenever you see these (eclipses), perform salāh and make du'ā until the eclipse is cleared.'" (Al-Bukhārī)
What to do at the Time of a Solar Eclipse
...So whenever you see these (eclipses), offer salāh and make du'ā till the eclipse has cleared. (Al-Bukhārī)
...So when you see the eclipse, make du'ā to Allāh and say takbīr, perform salāh and give sadaqah... (Al-Bukhārī)
...He (the Prophet sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam) went to the Masjid (on the occasion of solar eclipse) and offered the salāh with the longest qiyām, rukū' and sujūd that I had ever seen him doing. (Al-Bukhārī)
- Rememberance of Allāh ta'ālā
- Spend in causes that bring the pleasure of Allāh ta'ālā.
It is sunnah to perform two raka'āt salāh with congregation which is to be led by the imām of jumu'ah salāh or any imām of the masjid.
After the salāh the congregation will engage in du'ā which should last until the eclipse clears.
Mas'alah: Adhān or iqāmah will not be called for this salāh. Announcement can be made to gather the people.
Mas'alah: It is sunnah to perform this salāh with qiyām, rukū' and sujūd that are long.
Mas'alah: If whilst engaged in du'ā the time for a fard salāh commences then du'ā should be concluded and fard salāh should be performed.
Note: During such occasions we must not remain neglectful. Many people are found more keen to witness the eclipse rather than turning to the teachings of our beloved Nabī sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam.
May Allāh ta'ālā grant us the tawfīq to turn to Him during such moments in the light of the teachings of our Nabī sallallāhu 'alayhi wasallam.