by Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh
Significance of the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah
- Allāh ta‘ālā has taken oath of ten nights in Sūratul-Fajr. According to the majority of the commentators of the Qur’ān, the nights are those of the (first) ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.
- Sayyidunā Abū Hurayrah radhiyallāhu ‘anhu related that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘On no days is the worship of Allāh more beloved to Him than in the (first) ten days of Dhul-Ḥijjah. The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the worship of each of these nights is equal to the worship of Laylatul-Qadr.’ (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)
- The mother of the believers, Sayyidah Ḥafṣah radhiyallāhu ‘anhā, reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam used to fast the (first) nine days of Dhul-Ḥijjah. (Abū Dāwūd, An-Nasa’ī, Ahmad)
- Sayyidunā ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar radhiyallāhu ‘anhu related that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘No days are as weighty with Allāh and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. So on these days increasingly read Subhānallāh, Lā ilāha illallāh, Alhamdulillāh and Allāhu Akbar.” (Ahmad)
Virtues of the Day of ‘Arafah (9th Dhul Hijjah)
- Sayyidunā Anas Ibn Mālik radhiyallāhu ‘anhu said, ‘It would be said regarding the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah that every day is equivalent to a thousand days, and the day of ‘Arafah is equivalent to ten thousand days i.e. in virtue.’ (At-Targhīb wat-Tarhīb)
- Sayyidunā Ibn ‘Abbās radhiyallāhu ‘anhu reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘Indeed, this (i.e. the day of ‘Arafah) is such a (special) day that one who controls his ears, eyes and tongue on this day will be forgiven.’ (Musnad Ahmad)
- Sayyidunā Abū Qatādah Al-Ansārī radhiyallāhu ‘anhu narrated that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam was asked about the fast on the day of ‘Arafah. He said, ‘It compensates for the (minor) sins of the past and the coming year.’ (Muslim, At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah)
- Sayyidah ‘Ā’ishah radhiyallāhu ‘anhā reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘There is no day in which Allāh sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of ‘Arafah. And on that day (the Mercy of) Allāh draws near and by way of exhibiting His Pride (for the Hujjāj) He remarks to the angels, “What is the desire of these (servants of mine)?”’ (Muslim)
- Sayyidunā Ṭalhah radhiyallāhu ‘anhu reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘Apart from the day of the Battle of Badr there is no day on which Shaytān is seen to be more humiliated, more rejected, more depressed and more infuriated, than on the day of ‘Arafah. And this is only due to him observing the (abundant) mercy descending (upon the Hujjāj) and Allāh forgiving (their) major sins.’ (Al-Muwatta’ – Imām Mālik)
Night of ‘Īdul-Adhā
The nights of both ‘Īds are described in the Hadīth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Islamic calendar. To remain awake on the nights of ‘Īd and perform ‘ibādah is a source of great virtue and reward.
Sayyidunā Abū Umāmah radhiyallāhu ‘anhu reports that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘Whosoever stays awake and performs ‘ibādah (worship) on the nights of the two ‘Īds, with hope for reward (from Allāh ta‘ālā), his heart will not die on the day (i.e. Qiyāmah) when hearts will be dead.’ (Ibn Mājah)
Imām Shafi‘ī rahimahullāh reports that it would be said, ‘Indeed du‘a is accepted on five nights: The night of Jumu‘ah ( i.e. Thursday night), the night of ‘Īdul-Adhā, the night of ‘Īdul-Fitr, the first night of Rajab and the night of the fifteenth of Sha‘bān.’ (Al-Umm, Shu‘abul-Īmān)
Virtues of Udhiyah (Qurbānī)
Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said, ‘The son of Ādam does not carry out on Yawmun-Nahr (10th Dhul-Hijjah) a deed more beloved to Allāh than the animal sacrifice. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allāh before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, sacrifice with an open and happy heart.’ (At-Tirmidhī)
Takbirāt of Tashrīq
The takbirāt of tashrīq are:
Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Lā ilāha illallāhu wallāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Walil-lāhil ḥamd.
Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest. There is no deity besides Allāh and Allāh is the Greatest. Allāh is the Greatest and All Praise is for Allāh alone.
- It is wājib for every adult Muslim to recite these takbirāt of tashrīq once after every fard salāh from the Fajr of 9th Dhul-Hijjah till the ‘Asr of 13th Dhul-Hijjah (i.e. total of 23 salāh). Men will recite them audibly and women inaudibly.
- The Takbīrāt of Tashrīq should be recited immediately after concluding the fard prayer.